Parshuram Kund: Hindu Pilgrimage Site in Arunachal Pradesh

Parshuram Kund

Parshuram Kund is a highly revered Hindu pilgrimage site in Arunachal Pradesh located in the lower reaches of the Lohit River, 21 km north of Tezu in the Lohit district of Arunachal Pradesh, India. The shrine is devoted to the revered sage Parshuram and is a favored destination for pilgrims from Nepal, various parts of India, and neighboring states like Manipur and Assam. Every year, during the auspicious time of Makar Sankranti in January, over 70,000 devotees and sadhus gather to take a purifying dip in its sacred waters.


The site of the Parashuram Kund as established by the sadhu was in existence until the 1950 Assam earthquake that shook the whole of the North-East and the kund was completely covered. A very strong current is now flowing over the original site of the kund but massive boulders have in a mysterious way embedded themselves in a circular formation in the river bed thus forming another kund in place of the old.

Mythology and Significance

According to local mythology, Parshuram, the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, beheaded his mother Renuka with his axe on the orders of his father Rishi Jamadagni. Since he had committed the grave sin of killing one’s mother, the axe got stuck to his hand. However, his father was pleased with his obedience and decided to give him a boon. Parshuram asked for his mother to be restored back to life. Even after his mother was brought back to life, the axe could not be removed from his hand. This served as a reminder of the grave sin he had committed.

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Image Source: Instagram/@cmoarunachal
In order to atone for his sin, Parshuram followed the advice of eminent rishis of that time and arrived at the banks of the Lohit River to wash his hands in its pure waters. As soon as he dipped his hands into the waters, the axe immediately got detached. This site where he washed his hands became a place of worship and came to be known as Parshuram Kund.

The Importance of Parshuram Kund

Parshuram Kund is a shrine of all-India importance and thousands of pilgrims visit the place in winter every year, especially on Makar Sankranti day, to take a holy dip in the sacred kund. It is believed that the holy dip in the kund can wash away one’s sins. The site attracts many pilgrims from near and far, and quite a few sanyasis reside here and take care of the temple that is dedicated to Lord Parashuram.

Parshuram Kund is a must-visit place for anyone seeking spiritual solace and divine blessings. With its rich mythology and cultural significance, it attracts thousands of pilgrims each year who seek to take a holy dip in its sacred waters. For those seeking to explore the cultural and religious diversity of India, a visit to Parshuram Kund is an absolute must.
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Source: Instagram/ @kanchan_deori

Parashuram Kund Mela

An annual fair is held at the Parashuram Kund site. The fair is organized in the month of January and is a major event for pilgrims and tourists alike.  During the Parashuram Kund Mela, thousands of devotees gather to take a dip in the holy waters of the Kund. It is believed that taking a dip in the Kund during the fair can cleanse one’s soul and bring good luck. The fair is also an opportunity for visitors to witness the traditional dance and music performances, as well as buy local handicrafts and food.

Each year during the Makara Sankranti festival, a vibrant fair is held, drawing hill tribes from all over the region to showcase their wares. Visitors can browse through a unique array of items, including wild cows, rare fur rugs, and a variety of other curios.

In addition to the festivities, the fair is also an excellent opportunity for the hill tribes to come together and interact with one another. The event provides a sense of community and camaraderie, fostering relationships between different groups and strengthening the bonds of the region.

How to Reach Parshuram Kund

To facilitate easy entry, the District Administration provides Inner Line Permit for 30 days at the Dirak check gate and Sunpura check gate for visitors. Visitors can reach Parshuram Kund via the Dibrugarh-Tinsukia route or the Sadiya-Bhupen Hazarika Bridge-Sunpura route. The Lohit District Administration is working with Tinsukia District Administration to ensure the safety of pilgrims on both routes.

By Air:

The nearest airport to Parshuram Kund is Dibrugarh Airport located in Mohanbari. You can take a flight from major Indian cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Guwahati to Dibrugarh, and then take a taxi or bus to Tezu, which is around 160 km away from Dibrugarh.

By Train:

The closest railway station to Parshuram Kund is Tinsukia Railway Station, which is located about 116 km away from Tezu. You can take a train from major Indian cities like Delhi, Kolkata, and Guwahati to Tinsukia and then take a taxi or bus to reach Tezu.

By Road:

Parshuram Kund is well-connected to the nearby towns and cities via a network of roads. You can take a private vehicle or use the Arunachal Transport Service to reach Tezu from Tinsukia via Mahadevpur, Namsai & Chongkham, or via Dhola Bridge, Sadiya & Sunpura. It is recommended to hire a taxi or take a bus from Tezu to reach Parshuram Kund, which is around 21 km away from the town.

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Source: Instagram/ @greyebell

Best Time to Visit Parshuram Kund

Parshuram Kund is surrounded by breathtaking natural beauty in the form of hills, rivers, and forests, making the climate pleasant year-round. While it’s possible to visit at any time, the ideal time to experience the lush greenery of the region is from October through April.

An Inner Line Permit (ILP). It can be obtained through the official website of the Arunachal Pradesh Inner Line Permit Management System. More details about the ILP have been in one of our previous posts

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