Exploring Gangtok: A Journey Through Culture and Nature


Gangtok is the capital city of the Indian state of Sikkim, located in the northeastern region of the country, in the Himalayan mountain range. It is situated at an altitude of 1,650 m above sea level and is known for its beautiful natural surroundings and vibrant culture. It is a popular destination for tourists and trekkers, with many scenic hiking trails, Buddhist monasteries, and local festivals to explore.

Gangtok is a city of natural splendor, with towering mountains, verdant forests, and a wealth of outdoor activities to explore. From the snow-capped peaks of the Himalayas to the lush greenery of its forests, Gangtok is a nature lover’s paradise. But it’s not just the natural beauty that makes Gangtok worth visiting, the city is also rich in culture and history.

Nestled in the Northeastern region of India, Gangtok is a melting pot of different cultures and traditions, making it a perfect destination for those seeking a more immersive travel experience. Whether you’re looking to relax and unwind along the banks of a serene lake or explore the ancient monasteries that dot the landscape, there’s something for everyone to discover in Gangtok.

Things to do in Gangtok

Visit the MG Marg
MG (Mahatma Gandhi) Marg is a pedestrian street in the center of Gangtok. The street is closed to vehicle traffic and is a perfect place for visitors to take a leisurely stroll and explore the local culture. There are also several benches and seating areas, where visitors can relax and enjoy the sights and sounds of the street.

MG Marg

The street is lined with a variety of shops, restaurants, cafes, and bars. Visitors can find traditional handicrafts, souvenirs, and local clothing, as well as more modern items such as electronics and books. There are also street food vendors selling traditional Sikkimese and Indian snacks and meals.

MG Marg is also home to several cultural and entertainment venues, such as the Sikkim Government Cultural Centre, which hosts performances of traditional music and dance, and the Sanga Choeling Monastery, a historic Buddhist temple.

Flower Exhibition Center
Flower Exhibition Center is a botanical garden located within walking distance from MG Road. It is a popular tourist destination known for its beautiful flower gardens and nurseries showcasing a wide variety of flowers and plants found in the region.

Flower Exhibition Center

It’s a beautiful garden with a wide variety of flowers, shrubs, and trees. Visitors can see a wide range of flowers such as roses, orchids, gladioli, and many other varieties. The garden also has a wide variety of cacti and succulents. The Flower Exhibition Center is a must-see destination for visitors to Gangtok, providing a glimpse into the rich biodiversity and natural beauty of the region. It’s a great place to visit for both adults and children.

Explore Gangtok Ropeway’s breathtaking bird’s eye view of the valley
Gangtok Ropeway is a gondola lift system that offers beautiful views of the city and surrounding landscape. The ropeway starts from Deorali, a short distance from the city center and goes up to the Tashiling Secretariat, the seat of the Sikkim government. The ride takes about 15-20 minutes and offers a panoramic view of the city and the surrounding mountains. The view of the Khangchendzonga mountain range is especially spectacular during clear weather.

Ropeway car Gangtok
Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons | Creator: anirbansaha

The ropeway has two stations, one at Deorali Bazaar and one at Tashiling, and is equipped with modern gondolas that can accommodate up to eight passengers. It operates daily, but the timings may change depending on the weather conditions.

Tashi Viewpoint
Tashi View Point is a popular tourist spot in Gangtok. It is situated on a hilltop and offers panoramic views of the city and the surrounding mountains.

Tashi view point in Sikkim
Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons | Creator: Soumendra Kumar Sahoo

The viewpoint is located at an altitude of around 5500 feet above sea level and offers a breathtaking view of the Khangchendzonga mountain range, which is the third-highest mountain peak in the world. The view of the mountain range is especially spectacular during clear weather.

Himalayan Zoological Park
Himalayan Zoological Park is a zoological park located in Bulbuley, about 3 km from Gangtok. It is the only zoo in the state and is home to a variety of animals found in the Eastern Himalayan region. It is home to a wide variety of animals such as the red panda, snow leopard, Tibetan wolf, Himalayan black bear, clouded leopard, and many other animals. The zoo also has a breeding program for endangered species such as the red panda and snow leopard.

The zoo also includes a botanical garden, which has a large variety of plants and trees found in the Eastern Himalayas. The zoo also has a small lake and facilities such as café, souvenir shop, drinking water points, washrooms and a watchtower for visitors to relax and enjoy the natural surroundings.

Do Drul Chorten
Do Drul Chorten, also known as the Stupa of the Glorious Spinning, is a large Tibetan-style stupa and is one of the most important pilgrimage sites in Sikkim and is visited by thousands of devotees every year. The stupa is said to contain relics of the Buddha, as well as sacred texts and other religious artifacts.

Do Drul Chorten

One of the unique features of the stupa is the 108 prayer wheels that surround it. Pilgrims visiting the stupa spin these wheels, which are believed to increase the merit of their prayers. The stupa also has a large statue of the Dorje Chang (Vajradhara) which is considered one of the most important statues in Sikkim.

Namgyal Institute of Tibetology
Namgyal Institute of Tibetology is a research center and museum in Gangtok and is considered one of the most important centers for the study of Tibetan culture, history, and religion in the world. It has a large collection of Tibetan manuscripts, thangkas, statues, and other artifacts, which are considered some of the most important and valuable in the world.

Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

The institute also has a library with a collection of over 20,000 books, mostly on Tibetan culture, religion, and history. It also has a publishing unit that publishes books, journals, and research papers on various aspects of Tibetan culture and civilization. The guided tours provided by the Institute are very informative and provide a deeper understanding of the rich Tibetan culture and heritage.

High Court of Sikkim Museum
High Court of Sikkim Museum, Gangtok is a legal history museum is located 1 km from the High Court of Sikkim. The museum showcases the history of the legal system and judiciary in the state of Sikkim, which is an interesting and unique aspect of the state’s history.

The High Court Museum boasts a diverse collection of art, antiquities, paintings, sculptures, coins, ceramics, archaeological objects, manuscripts, farms, decorative pieces, weapons, textiles, natural history specimens, photographs, and more. Its picturesque location, large green lawn, and well-manicured garden add to its appeal.

Lal Bazaar
Lal Bazar is located in the heart of Gangtok and is known for its traditional Tibetan and Sikkimese items. Visitors can find a wide variety of souvenirs such as traditional masks, statues, and prayer flags. Visitors can also find traditional clothing such as traditional Bhutanese and Tibetan costumes.

The market also has a wide variety of traditional food items such as momos, traditional Sikkimese chutneys and traditional Tibetan bread. The market is also known for its wide variety of traditional herbal medicines and traditional Tibetan incense sticks.

Visit the Hanuman Tok (11 km from Gangtok)
Hanuman Tok is a Hindu temple dedicated to the god Hanuma. It is situated on a hilltop and offers a panoramic view of the city and the surrounding mountains. It is a popular tourist destination and pilgrimage site for both Hindu and non-Hindu visitors.

The temple is said to be built on the spot where Hanuman, the monkey god and devotee of Lord Rama, rested while searching for the Sanjivani herb to revive Lakshmana in the epic Ramayana. The temple is also believed to have healing powers and many visitors come to pray for good health and well-being.

Hanuman Tok

The temple complex includes a main prayer hall, which houses a statue of Hanuman, as well as several smaller shrines dedicated to other Hindu deities. Visitors can also take a stroll around the temple complex, which includes a beautiful garden, and enjoy the peaceful atmosphere and the beautiful views from the hilltop.

Visit the Rumtek Monastery in Rumtek (24 km from Gangtok)
The Rumtek Monastery, also known as the Dharma Chakra Centre, is a large Tibetan Buddhist monastery located in Rumtek, near Gangtok, in the Indian state of Sikkim. It is one of the largest and most important Tibetan Buddhist monasteries in the world.

Rumtek Monastery

The monastery also has a large collection of Tibetan Buddhist artifacts, including a golden stupa containing the relics of the 16th Karmapa and other important teachers of the Karma Kagyu lineages. Visitors can also witness the daily prayers and rituals performed by the resident monks.

Visit the Phodong Monastery
Phodong Monastery is a Buddhist monastery located 28 kilometres from Gangtok. The Phodong Monastery was built in the 18th century by the Chogyal (king) of Sikkim, and it belongs to the Kagyu sect of Tibetan Buddhism. The main attraction of the monastery is the beautiful architecture and intricate carvings on the walls, which are the traditional architectural style of the region. The monastery also has a large collection of thangkas, statues and other religious artifacts.

Phodong Monastery
Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons | Creator: Bernard Gagnon

Phodong Monastery also houses a number of resident monks who follow a strict regimen of prayers and rituals and visitors can witness the same. Visitors can also see the traditional dances and rituals performed by the resident monks during the annual Losar and other festivals.

Best Time to Visit Gangtok

The best time to visit Gangtok is between October and June when the weather is pleasant and ideal for sightseeing and trekking.

The summer months of April and May are also good for visiting Gangtok, as the flowers and rhododendrons are in bloom, and the temperature is warm, making it perfect for visiting the gardens and parks.

How to Reach Gangtok

By Air: The nearest airport to Gangtok is the Bagdogra Airport, located about 124 km from the city. It is well connected to major cities in India such as Kolkata, Delhi, and Guwahati by regular flights. From the airport, you can hire a taxi or take a shared jeep to reach Gangtok.

By Train: The nearest railway station to Gangtok is the New Jalpaiguri Railway Station (NJP), located about 114 km from the city. NJP is well connected to major cities in India such as Kolkata, Delhi, and Guwahati by regular trains. From the railway station, you can hire a taxi or take a shared jeep to reach Gangtok.

By Road: Gangtok is well connected by road to major cities in the region such as Darjeeling, Siliguri, and Kalimpong. You can take a bus or hire a taxi from these cities to reach Gangtok. The road trip from these cities to Gangtok is quite scenic and offers beautiful views of the Himalayas.

It’s also important to note that all foreign travelers must have a valid Indian Visa and a Restricted Area Permit (RAP) and Protected Area Permit (PAP) are required for non-Indian citizens to visit certain areas in India which mainly alludes to North East India.

(To know more about Sikkim State Tourism check the link here.)

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