22 Interesting Facts About Nagaland

Interesting Facts About Nagaland

Nagaland is a mountainous Northeastern state bordered by Manipur in the south, Assam in the west, Arunachal Pradesh in the north and Myanmar in the east. Nagaland is popularly known as the “land of festivals”. Each tribe practices its own rituals and traditions. There is one major festival almost every month of the year. These festivals are celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervor.

Here are some of the interesting facts about Nagaland.

1. Nagaland was officially inaugurated as the 16th state of India on 1 December 1963.

2. English is the only official language of Nagaland.

3. Mithun, also known as ‘Cattle of Mountain” is the state animal of Nagaland.

Wild Bos

4. Blyth’s tragopan is the state bird of Nagaland.

5. Rhododendron arboreum is the tate flower of Nagaland.

6. Mount Saramati is the highest peak in Nagaland standing at an altitude of 3841 metres above sea level. Interestingly it is also the highest peak in the non-Himalayan mountains of India.

7. Nagaland is also known as the ‘Falcon Capital’ of the world after an international team of ornithologists recorded almost a million amur falcon roosts in the state.


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8. Nagaland celebrates many festivals throughout the year but the Hornbill Festivals is the most popular festival and is celebrated every year from December 1 to the 10th at Kisama Heritage Village in the state capital Kohima.

9. There are 17 officially recognized tribes in Nagaland with each tribe unique in character from another in terms of customs, languages, and dresses.

Angami Naga

10. Kohima Bara Basti is the second largest village in Asia and it forms the part of Kohima Urban area today.

11. Nagaland is one of the three states in India where Christianity is the dominant religion ( the other two being Nagaland and Mizoram, both of which are in Northeast India). Nagaland is also known as “the only predominantly Baptist state in the world.”

12. Nagas were famed for their fierce practice of headhunting. It was a tradition to hunt the head of the enemy when attacking the village of rival tribes.


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13. Longwa village in the Mon district of northern Nagaland inhabited by the Konyak Nagas is unique in the sense that Angh’s (village chief) house lies half in India and half in Myanmar.

14. The Commonwealth War Cemetery in the state capital, Kohima is a famous memorial spot where the graves of 1,420 soldiers rest who lost lives in the Second World War.


15. Dimapur was the site of the ancient Dimasa Kachari kingdom. A set of ancient ruins that shaped gigantic chess pawns carved out stones remain in a spot called Rajbari Park in Dimapur.

16. Dimapur, the commercial hub of Nagaland is the only city of the state which is well connected to the rest of the country by rail and air transport.

17. Dzukou Valley in the Kohima district of Nagaland is a valley famous for its natural environment, a wide range of seasonal flowers, and the famous Dzüko Lily found only in this valley.

Dzukou Valley

18. Nagaland is the only state in Nagaland where the name of the district is also the same as the name of its headquarters.

19. Dr. Talimeren Ao from Nagaland was the first captain of Independent India’s Olympic Football team.

19. Nagaland is home to ghost pepper ( also known as Bhut Jolokia), one of the hottest peppers in the world.

20. Khonoma village, located 20 km from Kohima is regarded as Asia’s first green village because of its initiative programs to conserve the natural flora and fauna of the village.


21. Indian travelers need to obtain an Inner Line Permit (ILP) to enter the state.

(Details on how to obtain an ILP and PAP are discussed in one of our earlier articles)

22. Sumi Baptist Church in Zunheboto is one of the largest baptist churches in Asia with a sitting capacity of more than 8000 people.

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