Nestled among the majestic hills of northeast India, Tripura is a unique state, being the only Hindu tribal princely state in the country. Known for its exotic beauty, the state awakens to the echoes of Vedanta in the morning, and the call to prayer from its neighboring country, Bangladesh, which is just a mere 5 km from the capital city.
Exploring the monuments of Tripura allows one to gain a wealth of knowledge about the state’s history and culture. These monuments serve as a testament to the state’s royal past and offer a glimpse into the grandeur of the former Maharajas of Tripura. These architectural wonders, located in various cities throughout the state, are a popular attraction for thousands of tourists, providing them with a unique opportunity to discover the rich history of the princely state.
In addition to that, here are 11 famous monuments of Tripura:
1. Ujjayanta Palace
Ujjayanta Palace is a historical palace located in the Indian state of Tripura. It was built by the Tripura royal family in the year 1901, during the reign of Maharaja Radha Kishore Manikya. The palace is an excellent example of British colonial architecture, and it was designed by an English architect.
The palace served as the residence of the Tripura royal family until 1949, after which it was converted into the State Legislative Assembly building. The palace is a four-storied building with a combination of traditional and European architectural styles. It features a central dome, arches, and columns, and it is surrounded by beautiful gardens and lawns.
Ujjayanta Palace is considered as one of the most important heritage sites of Tripura and it is open to visitors. The palace is located in the heart of Agartala, the capital city of Tripura, and it is a must-visit destination for history and architecture enthusiasts.
2. Tripureswari Temple
Tripureswari Temple, also known as Tripurasundari Temple, is an ancient temple located in the city of Udaipur, in the Indian state of Tripura. The temple is dedicated to the Hindu goddess Tripura Sundari, also known as Shodashi, and is considered to be one of the 51 Shakti Peethas, or holy sites associated with the worship of the goddess.
According to Hindu mythology, the temple is believed to have been built by the demon king Tripurasura, after whom the state of Tripura is named. The temple is constructed in the traditional Bengali style of architecture and is adorned with intricate carvings and sculptures. The temple complex also includes other smaller shrines dedicated to other Hindu gods and goddesses.
The temple is an important pilgrimage site for Hindus, and it attracts thousands of devotees every year, especially during the annual Tripura Sundari Mela festival, which is celebrated in the month of March. The temple also serves as a major center for the study and practice of Tantra, a branch of Hinduism that emphasizes the worship of the goddess as the ultimate reality.
3. Maharaja Bir Bikram College
Maharaja Bir Bikram College (MBB College) is a college located in Agartala, Tripura, India. It is one of the largest and oldest colleges in the state, offering undergraduate and postgraduate courses in a variety of disciplines such as Arts, Science, and Commerce. The college is affiliated with Maharaja Bir Bikram College University and is recognized by the University Grants Commission (UGC).
Maharaja Bir Bikram College, constructed by Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya Debbarma, is a testament to the rich architectural tradition of Tripura. It stands as a monument to the state’s history and cultural heritage.
4. Neermahal Palace
Neermahal is a palace located in the Indian state of Tripura. It was built by the last ruling Maharaja of Tripura, Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya Debbarma, in the 1930s. The palace is located in the middle of a lake called Rudrasagar and can only be reached by boat.
It is a unique blend of traditional Hindu and Islamic architectural styles, and it is considered to be one of the most beautiful palaces in India. The palace was used as a summer palace by the royal family and it is now open to the public as a tourist destination.
5. Bhubaneswari Temple
Bhubaneswari Temple is a Hindu temple located in the Indian state of Tripura. The temple is dedicated to Bhubaneswari, a form of the Hindu goddess Kali. The temple is considered to be one of the most important shrines of Tripura, and it is believed to be more than 1000 years old. The temple architecture is of traditional Bengali style, with a large courtyard and a multi-tiered shikhara (spire) on the main temple. The temple is located in the Udaipur area of Tripura and is surrounded by lush green hills and serene environment. It is a popular place of worship for the local people and also attracts many tourists and devotees from all over India.
Bhubaneswari Temple is currently managed and overseen by the Archaeological Survey of India. It was constructed by Maharaja Govinda Manikya during the years 1660-1676.
6. Rock reliefs of Unakoti Tirtha
Unakoti is a rock-cut archaeological site in the Indian state of Tripura, located about 180 km from Agartala, the state capital. It is known for its ancient rock-cut sculptures and rock-cut carvings of Hindu gods and goddesses.
According to Hindu legend, Lord Shiva and a group of one crore gods and goddesses were on their way to Kashi when they stopped to spend the night at Unakoti. Lord Shiva requested that they all wake up before sunrise to continue their journey, but unfortunately, only he woke up. In anger, Lord Shiva cursed the rest of the group to become stone images, which is why there are thousands of rock carvings at Unakoti, hence the name “Unakoti,” meaning “one less than a crore” in Bengali.